what age are night terrors common
Home » Blog » What is narcolepsy disease? Symptom, treatment

What is narcolepsy disease? Symptom, treatment


The inability of the brain to regulate sleep and wakefulness is one of the symptoms of narcolepsy, which is a neurological condition.

The symptoms include extreme tiredness during the day, difficulty falling or staying asleep, and sleep paralysis. Read the article that follows for further details and suggestions on how to control narcolepsy symptoms.

What Is Narcolepsy?

Narcolepsy is a condition that causes people to suddenly fall asleep during the day. It can happen at any time, even during activities like talking or eating.

People with narcolepsy often have other sleep problems, like sleep apnea, which is when you stop breathing for short periods of time during sleep. Narcolepsy can be treated with medicine and lifestyle changes.

Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder that affects the control of sleep and wakefulness. People with narcolepsy experience excessive daytime sleepiness and often fall asleep unexpectedly during the day.

Narcolepsy can also cause sleep paralysis, which is a paralysis of the muscles that can occur when falling asleep or waking up.

The Different Types Of Narcolepsy

There are four different narcolepsy types of narcolepsy:

  • Type 1: Narcolepsy with cataplexy
  • Type 2: Narcolepsy without cataplexy
  • Type 3: Narcolepsy with cataplexy and REM sleep paralysis
  • Type 4: Narcolepsy with REM sleep paralysis but without cataplexy

Cataplexy is a sudden loss of muscle control. It can be triggered by strong emotions, such as laughter, anger, or surprise. Cataplexy can cause you to collapse or fall.

REM sleep paralysis is a paralysis that occurs when you are in REM sleep. It can cause you to feel like you cannot move or speak.

Narcolepsy is a sleep neurological disorder that can cause you to feel tired during the day. It can also cause you to have trouble staying asleep or to wake up feeling tired. Narcolepsy can be caused by a problem with REM sleep.

What Are The Symptoms Of Narcolepsy?

The most common symptom of narcolepsy is excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS). EDS is defined as a persistent sleepiness that makes it difficult to stay awake during the day. It is not simply feeling tired after a long day or feeling the need for an afternoon nap.

Other symptoms of narcolepsy can include:

  • Cataplexy: sudden muscle weakness or paralysis triggered by emotions such as laughter, anger, or surprise.
  • Sleep paralysis: a temporary paralysis that occurs when falling asleep or upon waking.
  • Hallucinations: vivid, often frightening, dream-like experiences that can occur when falling asleep or upon waking.
  • Microsleep: episodes of sleep that occur when you are normally awake.

 Is Narcolepsy A Rem Sleep Disorder?

The National Center on Sleep Disorders Research (NCSDR) is run by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the NIH, and it integrates sleep research activities across the Federal government, supports doctorate and postdoctoral training programs, and educates the public and medical community.

There are two types of sleep: REM (rapid eye movement) sleep and NREM (non-rapid eye movement) sleep. Most people with narcolepsy have a problem with REM sleep.

REM sleep is when you dream. It is called REM sleep because your eyes move quickly in different directions during this phase of sleep. NREM sleep is when you do not dream.

Most people with narcolepsy have a problem with REM sleep. This means that they do not get enough REM sleep or that their REM sleep is not restful.

As a result, people with narcolepsy may have trouble staying asleep or may wake up feeling tired.

What Causes Narcolepsy Sleep Disorders?

There are seven primary causes of narcolepsy sleep disorders:


Genetics is thought to play a role in the development of narcolepsy, as the disorder is often seen in families. Other possible causes of narcolepsy include autoimmune disorders, infections, and head injuries.

There is no cure for narcolepsy, but treatments are available to help people manage the condition. These treatments include medications, lifestyle changes, and naps.


There are many different types of narcolepsy sleep disorders, but infections are one of the most common causes. Infections can cause narcolepsy by damaging the part of the brain that controls sleep.

This can lead to a loss of the ability to regulate sleep and wakefulness. Infections can also cause narcolepsy by triggering an autoimmune response that attacks the brain.


There are many different causes of narcolepsy, but one of the most common is trauma. Trauma can cause the brain to produce less of the chemical that regulates sleep, leading to narcolepsy.

It can also damage the part of the brain that controls sleep, leading to narcolepsy.


Narcolepsy is a condition that causes people to fall asleep suddenly and without warning. It can be very dangerous, especially if it happens while driving or operating machinery.

Tumors are one of the leading causes of narcolepsy. In fact, about 10% of all narcolepsy cases are caused by tumors.

The most common type of tumor that causes narcolepsy is a brain tumor, but tumors in other parts of the body can also cause the condition.

If you or someone you know has narcolepsy, it’s important to get it diagnosed and treated by a doctor. Narcolepsy can be a very serious condition, but with proper treatment, it can be managed. 

Autoimmune Disorders 

There are a variety of autoimmune disorders that can cause narcolepsy and sleep disorders. Some of the more common ones include:

  • Celiac disease
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Hashimoto’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Psoriasis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

If you are suffering from any of these disorders, it is important to seek medical help in order to get the proper treatment.

Brain Injuries

When the brain is injured, it can no longer function properly and may cause a person to experience narcolepsy. This is why it is so important to seek medical help if you or someone you know has suffered a brain injury.


Some of the most common include diabetes, obesity, and thyroid problems. Metabolic disorders can also be caused by certain medications, such as those used to treat high blood pressure or depression.

How Is Narcolepsy Diagnosed?

There is no one definitive test for narcolepsy. Instead, a variety of tests may be used to rule out other conditions and confirm the diagnosis.

The most important test for narcolepsy is the polysomnogram, or sleep study. This test records brain activity, eye movement, muscle activity, and heart rate during sleep. It is usually done overnight in a sleep laboratory.

Other tests that may be used to diagnose narcolepsy include the Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT) and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale.

The MSLT is a  excessive daytime sleepiness test that measures how quickly a person falls asleep in a quiet environment. It consists of four or five naps taken at two-hour intervals.

The Epworth Sleepiness Scale is a questionnaire that Wasks people how likely they are to fall asleep in eight different situations.

A diagnosis of narcolepsy is usually made by a sleep specialist.

How To Treatment For Narcolepsy

Establish A Regular Sleep Schedule 

It’s important to establish a regular sleep schedule and stick to it as much as possible. This will help your body get the rest it needs and help you feel more alert during the day.

A regular sleep schedule is important for your health and well-being. Stick to it as much as possible to get the most benefits.

Avoid Caffeine 

There are a few things you can do to help ensure a good night’s sleep. One is to avoid caffeine and alcohol, especially close to bedtime. Both of these substances can interfere with sleep, so it’s best to avoid them in the evening.


There are many benefits to getting regular exercise, and one of them is improved sleep. Exercise can help to promote better sleep by helping to regulate your body’s natural sleep-wake cycle. Getting plenty of exercise during the day can help you to sleep better at night.

Avoid Working

It’s important to avoid working or using electronic devices in bed because it can be harmful to your sleep. Using electronic devices in bed can make it harder to fall asleep, and can also lead to narcolepsy treatment. 

Additionally, using electronic devices in bed can increase your risk of experiencing symptoms of insomnia.

Create A Relaxing Bedtime

There are a few key things you can do to create a relaxing bedtime routine that will help you wind down before sleep.

  • First, try to disconnect from electronics an hour before bedtime. This means no more checking email, browsing social media, or watching TV. Instead, use that time to read a book, take a bath, or do some light stretching.
  • Secondly, establish a regular sleep schedule by going to bed and waking up at the same time each day, even on weekends.
  • Finally, create a calm environment in your bedroom by keeping it dark, quiet, and cool.

Keep A Sleep Diary

Once you have selected a sleep tracking app, start by inputting your usual sleep patterns and any potential narcolepsy triggers you are aware of. Be sure to track both your sleep and wake times, as well as any naps you take during the day.

After a few days of tracking your sleep, take a look at your sleep patterns and see if you can identify any potential triggers for your narcolepsy.

If you are unsure of what may be causing your narcolepsy, consider talking to a sleep specialist who can help you identify potential triggers and create a treatment plan.

When To See A Doctor If You Have Narcolepsy?

There is no one answer to this question as it depends on the individual and the severity of their narcolepsy. However, it is generally recommended that people with narcolepsy see a doctor if they are experiencing any of the following:

  • Excessive daytime sleepiness that interferes with daily activities
  • Uncontrollable urge to sleep during the day
  • Sudden and irresistible bouts of sleep that can occur at any time
  • Sleep paralysis
  • Hallucinations during sleep or wakefulness

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to see a doctor so that you can receive a proper diagnosis and treatment.

Narcolepsy is a serious condition that can significantly impact your quality of life, so it is important to get help as soon as possible.

Visit a healthcare provider if you or a member of your family suspects that you or they may have narcolepsy. For further evaluation, he or she may suggest that you visit a sleep expert or a center specializing in sleep disease.

A timely diagnosis and therapy can assist in alleviating some of the symptoms. Also, continue to discuss your problems and worries with the healthcare expert who is treating you.

Your doctor might change the dosage of your prescription, suggest that you try a different medicine, or offer other suggestions to help improve your symptoms so that you can attain the best levels of alertness and excessive daytime sleepiness functioning that are achievable.


It is a sleep problem that lasts a person’s entire life. On the other hand, it does not typically become worse with age.

Medications and adjustments to one’s way of living can both be helpful in alleviating the symptoms of narcolepsy. We really hope that you found this information to be helpful.

Detox your body and improve your health by sleeping better

Every Thursday morning, you’ll receive 1 actionable tip on how you can get a tight sleep to refresh your body and mind.